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Roustabout YO-53 - History

Roustabout YO-53 - History



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Roustabout

A deckhand or waterfront worker; a jack-of-all-trades.

(YO-53: t. 217; 1. 221'; b 36'; dr. 17'; s. unk. (600 hp.);
cpl. unk.; a. 1 3", 2 mg.)

Roustabout was built durin~ the period from 1923 to 1925 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding of ., San Francisco, Calif., as the steel, self-propelled fuel oil barge Hawaiian Standard; acquired 31 May 1941 for U.S. Navy service from her owner, Standard Oil Co. of Calif., and commissioned 10 June 1941 Lt. Comdr. Lawrenee A. Parke, USNR, in command.

Fitted out for naval service at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Roustabout was assigned for duty to the 13th Naval District. Throughout World War II, she steamed between Puget Sound ports and U.S. bases in Alaskan waters, transporting fuel oil, ammunition, food, stores, mail, and myriad other items. Roustabout frequently ealled at Sitka and Ketehikan, Alaska, and also visited Port Townsend, Alliford Bay, and Clayto Passage, British Columbia.

Returning to Puget Sound at war's end, Roustabout decommissioned at Bremerton, Wash., 2 February 1946. Struck from the Navy list 12 March1946, she waa transferred to the Maritime Commission 29 June 1946 at Olympia, Wash.


Working at Transocean provides an opportunity unlike anything else. You have the chance to set world records and explore in regions where no one else has. You can work on the most versatile and technologically advanced rigs in the industry. Tackle unique problems, expand your expertise and work with bright and passionate people from all over the globe. Not only will you work for a company that offers competitive pay and benefits, you can play an impactful role in our ongoing legacy of innovation. There is simply no other place like Transocean.

The history of offshore drilling is on a timeline of innovation and discovery. Transocean has not only been fortunate to see the evolution up close, we've led it, and our people have played critical roles in the process. That only happens if we are willing to invest in our employees to ensure they are the best-trained, most experienced people in the industry.

At Transocean you will have unmatched opportunity to expand your knowledge and expertise. If you want the training, if you want to enhance your knowledge and understanding, if you desire certification for specific skills and expertise, Transocean provides the tools and the support to get you what you need and help you grow and evolve your career.


Epidemiology

  • The most common risk factors for mobility impairment are older age, low physical activity, obesity, strength or balance impairment, and chronic diseases such as diabetes or arthritis.
  • The prevalence of gait and balance disorders is around 10 % between the ages of 60 and 69 years and more than 60% in those over 80 years [1] .
  • About 30% of people aged 65 years and over have a fall at least once each year, increasing to 50% in people aged 80 years and over [2] .
  • In 2016-2017 there were around 210,553 falls-related emergency hospital admissions among people aged 65 years and over, with around 67% of these people aged 80 years and over.

Doyon Settlement Trust and Distributions

As an Alaska Native Regional Corporation, Doyon shares our profits with our shareholders. On this page, you’ll find useful information about the Doyon Settlement Trust and distributions.

The Doyon Settlement Trust was created by a vote of Doyon, Limited shareholders on November 16, 2018. A special meeting of shareholders was held on this date for the purpose of deciding upon the formation of the Trust.

The purpose of the Doyon Settlement Trust is to promote the health, education, and welfare of its beneficiaries, and to preserve the heritage and culture of Alaska Natives. The Doyon Settlement Trust accomplishes its purpose by making distributions to its beneficiaries(shareholders).

The Doyon Settlement Trust (DST) distribution is a cash distribution to the trust’s primary beneficiaries (Doyon shareholders). The DST distribution is based upon the number of Doyon shares owned by each beneficiary. The DST distribution from the trust replaces some or all of Doyon’s dividends to its shareholders.

NOTE: The DST distributions to all shareholders are not taxable, but the May 7(i) distributions to Class B (At-large) shareholders are taxable.

For shareholder safety, if we don’t have your current address and contact information, we won’t send out your payment or direct deposit. We keep a list of shareholders with bad addresses—are you on it? To update your contact information call shareholder records at 1-888-478-4755 or (907) 459-2040 or email [email protected]

Doyon Settlement Trust Distribution (Replaces Doyon Dividend)

The 2020 DST distribution will be mailed or direct deposited to its beneficiaries (Doyon shareholders) on Wednesday, December 2, 2020, and again on June 15, 2021.

Doyon’s distribution amount is based on a five-year average of net income.

The distribution amounts for the last several years have been the following:

2020 – Two distributions in December 2020 and June 2021 of $6.71/share for a total distribution of $13.42/share
2019 – Two distributions in December 2019 and July 2020 of $5.44/share for a total distribution of $10.88/share
2018 – $6.65/share
2017 – $6.18/share
2016 – $5.99/share
2015 – $5.18/share
2014 – $4.95/share
2013 – $4.23/share
2012 – $4.15/share
2011 – $3.88/share

To make records information changes for future DST distributions, please contact shareholder records at [email protected] or 1-888-478-4755 (ext. 2040) or (907)459-2040.

At-Large (Class B) Distribution

The 2020 May distribution amount is $17.71/share.

What are 7(i)/7(j) distributions and how are they calculated?

Sections 7(i) and 7(j) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) are unique revenue-sharing mechanisms included by the United States Congress to help ensure that all Alaska Natives benefited from resource development on ANCSA lands. Under Section 7(i), a regional corporation must share 70% of the net revenue from timber and subsurface minerals developed on regional corporation ANCSA lands with the other 11 Alaska Native regional corporations.

Under Section 7(j), a regional corporation must annually pay 50% of the money received under Section 7(i) to the village corporations and to at-large shareholders within its region. In the Doyon region, we make distributions to our village corporations and at-large shareholders in the April/May timeframe of Section 7(i) money we have received from the other regional corporations during the preceding year.

The formula we use is to divide 50% of the amount of Section 7(i) money received by the number of original shareholders. Doyon then pays each village corporation its proportional share of money based on the class A shareholder population in 1972. Each village corporation determines how to use its 7(j) payments.

Every at-large/Class B shareholder receives a disbursement for the individual proportional share based on the same formula.

To make records information changes for future distributions, please contact shareholder records at [email protected] or 1-888-478-4755 (ext. 2040) or (907)459-2040.

Reminder about 1099 Forms

Doyon shareholders will not receive a 1099 form from Doyon for neither the June or December 2020 DST distributions. These distributions are not taxable to Doyon shareholders.

Beginning in 2019, Doyon Settlement Trust (DST) distributions replaced Doyon dividends issued to shareholders, with the exception of 7(j) distributions. The 7(j) distributions that Doyon pays to at-large shareholders and village corporations in May of each year cannot be paid out of the DST and will continue to be taxable. At-large (Class B) shareholders who received a distribution in May 2020 were mailed an IRS 1099-MISC form if their distribution was $600 or more.

For more information, contact the Shareholder Records Department at 907-459-2040, 1-888-478-4755 (toll-free), or [email protected]

Frequently Asked Questions

Find answers to common questions regarding Doyon’s dividend payment process.

It’s easy to find out if we have your current address.

Contact shareholder records at 1-888-478-4755 or (907) 459-2040, or email [email protected] To be sure you receive your dividend payment this year, please make sure we have your correct address.

Because postal delivery times vary, we can’t predict how quickly your check will arrive. The fastest way to receive your dividend is to set up direct deposit to your bank account prior to the deadline.

To fill out a request for direct deposit, either print the direct deposit form from your computer or ask our records department to mail or fax the form to you. Once you’ve completed and returned the form, direct deposit will be established for your account. To ensure that your dividend payment is sent via direct deposit this year, please apply before November 7.

For more information on direct deposit, contact the shareholder records department at 1-888-478-4755, 459-2040 (in Fairbanks) or at [email protected]

The December distributions are either direct deposited or mailed to the address on file. If you’ve moved and/or we don’t have your current address, we won’t send your dividend payment. We strongly encourage you to take a moment to update your contact information—and to sign up for direct deposit.

Please note, if your name is on the bad address list, your dividend will not be issued until your information is up-to-date.

We cannot hold anyone’s checks. All distribution payments are either mailed to shareholders or direct deposited into their bank accounts.

Before the direct deposit application deadline of November 7, you can apply to have your payment deposited directly into your bank account. You can print the direct deposit form or ask our records department to mail or fax the form to you. You can reach Doyon’s records department by calling 1-888-478-4755, 459-2040 (in Fairbanks) or by emailing [email protected]

Checks are valid for six months. After six months, you can contact our records department at 1-888-478-4755 (ext. 2040) or 459-2040 (in Fairbanks) to have the check reissued.

Stop payment orders can only be used as a last resort: It takes about two months to stop payment on a check and Doyon must pay a bank fee for every stop payment order we issue. For details, please contact shareholder records by calling 1-888-478-4755, 459-2040 (in Fairbanks) or by emailing [email protected]

If you believe your signature was forged on a dividend check, contact our records department at 1-888-478-4755 for specific instructions. We can send you forgery paperwork by mail, but you must also contact your local police to file a report.

Doyon checks cannot be assigned to any person other than the shareholder.

If we are instructed do to so by the IRS, Doyon must withhold a shareholder’s dividend. We are also legally bound to honor child support court orders. For guidance on your specific case, please contact shareholder records by calling 1-888-478-4755, 459-2040 (in Fairbanks) or by emailing [email protected]

If you believe Doyon shows the wrong person listed as custodian for a shareholder, please contact shareholder records by calling 1-888-478-4755, 459-2040 (in Fairbanks) or by emailing [email protected]

As of November 2018, Shareholders will no longer receive a 1099 form for the IRS as the Doyon Settlement Trust December distribution is not taxable. Held dividends from before November 2018 are still taxable.

Please note that the 7(i) distributions that Doyon pays to at-large shareholder and village corporations in May of each year cannot be paid out of the DST and will continue to be taxable. All door prizes or winnings are also taxable.

If your child is enrolled as a Class C shareholder before November 7, they will receive the dividend. If you miss this deadline, your child may be eligible for future dividends once you’ve enrolled them.

The dividend for deceased shareholders is held until the shares are transferred to their heirs. Only when the shares are transferred will heirs receive held distributions.

Please contact shareholder records to learn how to make a name change on your account. Call us at 1-888-478-4755 ext. 2040 or 907-459-2040 or email [email protected]

Yes. Shareholders with Class E stock will receive payment for an additional 100 shares in their distribution.

If you didn’t find an answer to your question, don’t hesitate to contact our records department—we’re here to help you. Call us at (888) 478-4755 ext. 2040 or (907) 459-2040 or email [email protected]

Our mailing address:
Doyon, Limited
1 Doyon Place, Suite 300
Fairbanks, Alaska 99701


Dylan Thomas: Artist or Roustabout?

This year all of Wales is celebrating the centenary of the poet, Dylan Thomas (born Oct 27, 1914, Swansea, Wales.) Festivals, readings, staging of his plays, movie showings, seminars, tours, visitations, and pilgrimages are occurring throughout the year.

For me, Dylan Thomas has long been a confusing figure. Was he a gifted poet of the land, or only a roustabout whose personal life brought more notoriety than his talent deserved? One might think 100 years after his birth, some of the ambiguity about the man might be resolved.

At least that is what I sought as I arrived at Trinity St David College, University of Wales, Lampeter. I had signed up for the 2014 Dylan Thomas International Summer School, hosted by Dr. Pamela Petra, and Dr. Menna Elfyn, Director of the Master of Arts in Creative Writing. “Dylan’s voice was carved by the salt-cries of wild West Wales…come to experience its splendor for yourself and to fully absorb Dylan’s world, “ Dr. Elfyn had written.

Taking her invitation, fifteen Americans from coast to coast arrived and began our rigorous two weeks on the campus where Dylan once strolled.

In the mornings we emerged ourselves in Welsh language the ancient Welsh saga, the Mabanogion the unique concepts of Welsh hiraeth and loss Thomas’s life and place. In the evenings the best of contemporary Welsh authors gave readings.

In the afternoons we visited numerous places in Wales, which Dylan used as settings. We learned how he devised plot lines from his own experiences crafted characters from his relatives, neighbors, friends augmented life with the magical fertility of his mind, aided perhaps by alcohol.

We drove to his aunt and uncle’s farm where he summered as a child. Though the house is closed to visitors, bracken ferns glistened by the side of the road and farm gates invited walks into the fields. This place inspired these lines from the poem Fern Hill:

Now as I was young and easy under the apple boughs

About the lilting house and happy as the grass was green…

Oh as I was young and easy in the mercy of his means,

Time held me green and dying

Though I sang in my chains like the sea.


We journeyed to New Quay, the village thought to be his model for the BBC play, Under Milk Wood. Cozy row houses with bright doors, climbed the hill from the harbor. He described a cottage:

the parlour with a preserved sheepdog, where mothballs fly at night….

And the Bible opens at Revelation.”

His sturdy family home in Swansea fronts on Cwymdonkin Park, immortalized in
The Hunchback in the Park:

a solitary mister.

eating bread from a newspaper,

drinking water from a chained cup…

slept at night in a dog kennel

But nobody chained him up.

At Laugharne, he wrote in a converted garage, with a view of the sea. Preserved as when he was there, the floor was littered with crumpled drafts. Seven species of birds wheeled in the currents outside.

Many of his best writings were penned here, including these lines:

and there, on the hare-

Heeled winds the rooks

Cawing from their black bethels soaring, the holy books of birds!”

We viewed his early notebooks, written from ages 13-19. Sold by Thomas later in his life to cover his crippling debts, they are now owned by an American university. They were displayed for the first time in Wales in the Dylan Thomas Center, Swansea to mark the centenary. In stunningly neat handwriting, the young Thomas worked out mature subjects with an almost casual realization. Themes of childhood joy and innocence were woven with death and loss, a remarkably prescient exploring for one so young.

Though dealing with heavy themes, the teenaged poet did not neglect poetic craft. He polished poems like a master jeweler. In one draft poem, he had circled a single word. Underneath he had listed 11 substitutes, each producing a different rhythm, rhyme, nuance. The next draft showed his substitution, crossed out again as he searched for diction-crisp, bell-toned phrases. Though written in English, the poems revealed his knowledge of an old Welsh poetic form, the cynghanedd, with its alliterative patterns, repetition of sound and rhyme, precise syllable counts per line. On the back of one page, Thomas had procrastinated momentarily and devised a crossword puzzle using the words he was considering.

He had a clear sense of himself as a poet even in these teenage writings. One letter to his early girlfriend Pamela Hansford Johnson, he laments, “It is hard to read your poetry to an audience who thinks a trochee is a type of lawn grass.” (A trochee is a metrical foot used in poetry consisting of one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one.)

And yet, parallel with his writings are the facts of his non-writing life. He had a mischievous childhood, an indifferent, even rebellious school history. He married a beautiful Irish dancer, herself an anarchist. Their marriage was tumultuous, troubled. Mutual infidelities, his fondness for pub life, alcohol, his periodic neglect of his children, his mistreatment of his friends and relatives, his occasional barbaric drunken behavior, his constant financial woes, his rantings against his countrymen and his snide remarks about Wales are well known.

For many, these facts obliterate his artistic achievements. When I asked a grandmother next to me on the bus if she had studied Dylan Thomas as a girl, she replied, “Oh no. We were not allowed to read him. He was, how should I say, not very Methodist.” The customs officer at Heathrow asked why I had come to the UK. When I told him I had come to study Dylan Thomas, he said, “Oh, my grandfather ran a pub in Mumbles. Thomas was always in there. He must have drunk away a fortune. I don’t know any of his poems.” “You see this picture of his funeral,” a man next to me at the Dylan Thomas Center remarked. “See this old woman the last to leave? It was his mother. He broke her heart with the drink he did.”

If not always feted in Wales, Thomas found an appreciative audience in the United States. Almost as a précis of his contradictory life, these readings often ended with bouts of marathon drinking. On November 3, 1953, Thomas reportedly finished 18 whiskeys, (the number varies) and a day later lapsed into a coma under suspicious circumstances. His wife, Caitlin, summoned from Wales, miraculously arrived before he died on November 9. She is reported to have been drunk herself at the hospital, and seeing his condition, created a commotion that resulted in her detention. Perhaps her anger was justified, as his actual cause of death is contested to this day. His body was returned to Wales, and he is buried at Laugharne.

Artist or roustabout? During my two weeks in Wales I had answered the question for myself. I had new respect for his artistry, for the Welsh people, heritage and country that shaped him, for his writing discipline, for his unerring ear for dialogue and music, his vivid characters, his messages, and literary legacy. His flawed life retreated into the background of his soaring language. The splendor of both his voice and the country of west Wales had been revealed.


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Elvis Presley Movies

“…An adult animated series starring a fictional Elvis Presley is coming to Netflix this year, the streaming platform announced on Friday August 16. Netflix is partnering with Priscilla Presley and John Eddie to create Agent King, an “adult action comedy series” that positions the King as a secret government agent, moonlighting as a spy while still touring the country as a musician.

“Elvis Presley trades in his white jumpsuit for a jet pack when he is covertly inducted into a secret government spy program to help battle the dark forces that threaten the country he loves — all while holding down his day job as the King of Rock and Roll,” reads the synopsis.

Priscilla Presley stated, “From the time Elvis was a young boy he always dreamed of being the superhero fighting crime and saving the world! Agent King lets him do just that. My co-creator John Eddie and I are so excited to be working with Netflix and Sony Animation on this amazing project and getting the chance to show the world an Elvis they haven’t seen before.”

Mike Arnold, who wrote several episodes of the animated spy comedy Archer, will serve as showrunner. Presley and Eddie are credited as co-creators and executive producers. Jerry Schilling, a noted member of Elvis’s entourage, has been hired as a consultant on the project, and menswear designer John Varvatos will create the animated Elvis’s wardrobe for the entire show.

The announcement comes on the 42nd anniversary of Elvis’s death and the end of “Elvis Week,” an annual fan celebration of the King’s legacy..”

Elvis Presley Movies: List of all Elvis Movies 1956-1976 Andy Warhol Elvis “Flaming Star” Portrait for Auction at Sotheby’s Andy Warhol sold for 81 million to a private dealer. The Andy Warhol’s Triple Elvis at 7foot tall was taken from a publicity shot for the King’s 1960 movie Flaming Star, the painting – which features three identical images of musician in a gun-slinging pose

This biopic about the King and the historic White House meeting is stretched far beyond its flimsy premise. Inoffensive as it is inconsequential, this foray into filmmaking from director Liza Johnson (Hateship Loveship) is a painful disappointment from start to finish, a frustratingly safe and unimaginative effort that squanders the potential of its story. In Johnson’s defense, there wasn’t much ripe material to bungle here. The log-line is simple: billed as an “untold true story,” the movie chronicles the two days leading up to the monumental meeting between Elvis Presley (Michael Shannon) and President Richard Nixon (Kevin Spacey). Interest in this unlikely encounter stems from an iconic photograph taken Dec. 21st, 1970, which finds Nixon ( grinning) and Presley (in a daze) shaking hands. NEW ELVIS MOVIE to be FILMED in AUSTRALIA

LOVE ME TENDER (Elvis’ First Movie) ( November 1956) a story set during the Civil War and Elvis plays Clint, the youngest of the Reno Brothers. On the first day of shooting, Elvis arrived with the entire script memorized – his lines plus those of the other actors. He told reporters: “I wouldn’’t care too much about singing in the movies.” Love Me Tender was not an Elvis vehicle. He did not get top billing and he does not appear until 20 minutes into the film. He has no screen kiss but he does sing 4 songs. The movie was a major box-office smash, clearly due to Elvis’ appearance. It earned back its million-dollar production cost in less than a week. Faster than any previous Hollywood film, despite critics’ skepticism about Elvis’ acting ability. Watching Love Me Tender Elvis’ mother walked out during her son’s death scene and said that she never, ever wants to be witness to that image again. It was here that Elvis met and fell in love with co-star Debra Paget

(2) LOVING YOU /> /> (July 1957) The success story contained in Loving You closely resembles the rise to fame that Elvis was experiencing at the time. His character, Deke is introduced as a delivery boy who discovers a natural talent for performing and soon reaches national attention as a singer. In contrast to Love Me Tender Elvis appears in nearly all the scenes of Loving You, and it’s the only color Elvis movie from the 50’s. Elvis story is presented on-screen in Loving You as a wholesome tale of success helping to transmit the idea that he was not such a threat to middle America after all. The soundtrack is packed with songs, establishing a formula where Elvis’ music promoted his films and vice versa. There are many outstanding musical performances in the film, along with a number of impressive acting moments.

(3) JAILHOUSE ROCK (November 1957) This is considered by many critics to be Elvis’ most classic film. Coming at the height of his 50’s popularity, he portrays a cynical ex-convict turned pop-singer. Elvis received $250K plus 50% from the profits of the film that grossed just under $4 million, ranking #4 for the year. Elvis’ dialogue features the latest slang & his wardrobe was cutting-edge rock-n-roll fashion. His manner and dress did much to reinforce his rebel image. Elvis had told the press when he first came to Hollywood, “I took this screen test where I was real happy, I didn’t like that. Then I did other one where I was mad at this guy and I liked it better. It was me.” Jailhouse Rock must have been the role Elvis was waiting for.

(4) KING CREOLE (July 1958) was Elvis’ personal favorite. Based on the Harold Robbins’ novel A Stone For Danny Fisher, King Creole is a dark suspense-filled tale of troubled teenager who grows up quickly after a brush with society’s worst element. The role was reportedly once offered to James Dean. Shot on location in New Orleans, King Creole boasts an all-star cast including, Walter Matthau, Dean Jagger & Carolyn Jones. Michael Curtiz of Casablanca fame was the director. King Creole earned Elvis favorable reviews as an actor, but drew the lowest gross for his 4 films in the 50’s. The script is filled with complex scenes that allowed Elvis to explore a full range of his acting abilities. King Creole hinted at a movie career that was never to be for young Elvis Presley. Many believed that this impressive acting performance, he had opened the door to play additional dramatic roles. Unfortunately, this was never to be the case.


Background material

Between 1924 and 1954, the Pledge of Allegiance was worded:

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

In 1954, during the McCarthy era and communism scare, Congress passed a bill, which was signed into law, to add the words "under God." The current Pledge reads:

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

The Pledge is recited, on average, tens of millions of times a day -- largely by students in schools across America.

On 2002-JUN-26, a three judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals voted 2 to 1 to declare the Pledge unconstitutional because of the addition of the phrase "under God." This decision only affects the states of AK, AZ, CA, HI, ID, MT, NV, OR and WA. The ruling stating that "the text of the official Pledge, codified in federal law, impermissibly takes a position with respect to the purely religious question of the existence and identity of God."

The U.S. Supreme Court overturned the Circut Court of Appeals reading. They did not rule on the basis of the Pledge violating the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Rather, they ruled that the plaintiff Michael Newdow did not have primary custody of his daughter and thus did not have standing to take the case to the federal court system.

It is interesting to note that this decision happened to occur one day after the 40th anniversary of the Engel v. Vitale decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, which declared unconstitutional the inclusion of state-sponsored school prayer as a part of instruction in public schools. The Texas Justice Foundation had declared that anniversary a day of mourning. 1,2

History of the Pledge of Allegiance:

The Pledge was originally written in 1892-AUG by Francis Bellamy (1855 - 1931). He was an American, a Baptist minister, and an active Socialist. He included some of the concepts of his first cousin, Edward Bellamy, who wrote a number of socialist utopian novels, such as Looking Backward (1888) and Equality (1897). In its original form, it read:

"I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

It was first published in a children's magazine Youth's Companion, in 1892 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the Americas. 4 The word "to" was added before "the Republic" in 1892-OCT. He considered including the word "equality" in the pledge, but decided against it because he knew that many Americans at the time were opposed to equality for women and African-Americans. Opposition to equality continues today a sizeable minority of American adults remain opposed to equal rights for women, gays and lesbians, and transsexuals.

By 1924, the "National Flag Conference, under the leadership of the American Legion and the Daughters of the American Revolution, changed the Pledge's words, 'my Flag,' to ' the Flag of the United States of America.' Francis Bellamy disliked this change, but his protest was ignored." 3

Most Jehovah's Witness children refuse to acknowledge the flag. In 1940, the U.S. Supreme Court denied children the right of freedom of speech. The court ruled that school boards could compel their students to recite the Pledge. The court reversed itself three years later. 4

In 1953, the Roman Catholic men's group, the Knights of Columbus mounted a campaign to add the words "under God" to the Pledge. The nation was suffering through the height of the cold war, and the McCarthy communist witch hunt. Partly in reaction to these factors, a reported 15 resolutions were initiated in Congress to change the pledge. They got nowhere until Rev. George Docherty (1911 - 2008) preached a sermon that was attended by President Eisenhower and the national press corps on 1954-FEB-7. His sermon said in part:

After the service, President Eisenhower said that he agreed with the sermon. In the following weeks, the news spread, and public opinion grew. Three days later, Senator Homer Ferguson, (R-MI), sponsored a bill to add God to the Pledge. It was approved as a joint resolution 1954-JUN-8. It was signed into law on Flag Day, JUN-14. President Eisenhower said at the time:

With the addition of "under God" to the Pledge, it became both "a patriotic oath and a public prayer. Bellamy's granddaughter said he also would have resented this second change." 3

The change was partly motivated by a desire to differentiate between communism, which promotes Atheism, and Western capitalistic democracies, which were at least nominally Christian. The phrase "Atheistic Communists" has been repeated so many times that the public has linked Atheism with communism the two are often considered synonymous. Many consider Atheism as unpatriotic and "un-American" as communism.

Most communists, worldwide, are Atheists. But, in North America, the reverse is not true most Atheists are non-communists. Although there are probably many Atheist and Humanist legislators at the federal and state levels, few if any are willing to reveal their beliefs, because of the intense prejudice against persons holding these belief systems.

The U.S. Supreme Court declined to review this change to the Pledge. The Court has commented in passing on the motto saying that:

Sponsored link:

Suggested future changes to the Pledge:

Various groups and individuals have suggested additional changes to the Pledge:

Public opinion poll (2003):

The First Amendment Center and the American Journalism Review released the results of a poll on 2003-AUG-1. They found that:


The 100 rule

One rule of thumb that some people follow is this: Subtract your age from the number 100, and that's the proportion of your assets you should hold in stocks. The rest can be invested in bonds and other "safe" investments such as CDs. Thus, a 35-year-old should shoot for having 65% of his assets in stocks, while a 60-year-old should have 40% in stocks.

It's simple, which is nice, given that the world of financial management can seem complicated. And it makes some sense, too, because as you approach and enter retirement, you don't want to be overly reliant on the stock market. Over the long run, the stock market is arguably the best place to grow your wealth, but over periods of a few years, it can plunge. You don't want that to happen right before you need to withdraw a chunk of change to live on.

The rule is problematic, though. There's no true one-size-fits-all formula for investing, after all, and each of us is in a different situation, with different-sized nest eggs and different risk tolerances, etc. Also, this rule is becoming a bit outdated: As people are living longer, it's often best if we leave our money in stocks longer so our savings will grow enough to last us through a long retirement. Some experts have tweaked the rule and said our stock allocation should be closer to 110 minus our age, or even 120 if we're willing to take on a bit more risk in order to try to achieve higher returns.

Image source: Getty Images.


Rare in the Wild – 1962 Honda CB72 Hawk 250

1961 was a relatively big year for Honda. In addition to carry-over models from the previous year, Big Red introduced half-a-dozen new scoots. A race-spec version of the Benly Super Sport – known as the CB92R – was released in March of ’61 equipped with a solo racing seat, chrome megaphone pipes, a tachometer in place of the speedo, and a boost in horsepower. Another one of the models introduced in ’61 was the CB72 Hawk 250 which first hit showroom floors in February. This model ended up being pretty rare with only 1,500 units exported to the States in the early 1960’s. Because the larger 305 Super Hawk was only slightly more expensive than the Hawk 250, very few buyers opted to purchase the quarter-liter Hawk. As the seller points out, these things are so rare that eBay doesn’t even list the CB72 among its Honda models.

Powering the CB72 was the same 247cc OHC parallel twin found on the C72 and CA72 models, only the “Little Hawk” took in fuel via two carbs. Like the rest of Honda’s 1961 offerings above 49cc’s, the CB72 came with a four-speed manual transmission. The CB72 was actually a pretty sporty little thing and it saw production until 1966. At this point in time Honda was using a pressed-steel chassis on many of its models, however the CB72’s engine was wrapped in a tubular steel frame that was fitted with an upgraded telescopic fork. The later models came from the factory with low-rise style handlebars, though the first model’s stock handlebars were flat. Many road-going Hondas only came with a speedometer around this time, but the sportier-than-average Hawk 250 came with a speedo/tacho unit sunken into the headlight.

In many ways the 250 Hawk was identical to its Super Hawk 305 big brother, the bike that Robert Pirsig famously piloted in the famous novel Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. Elvis also famously rode a CB77 in the 1964 film Roustabout. Both bikes shared the same specs and equipment, aside from the extra 58cc’s. The CB72 also had a lot in common with the CL72 250 Scrambler that Honda debuted in 1962. Both machines had the same engine but the CL72 had a full-cradle frame as well as a skid-plate and some other changes to make it more off-road oriented. This naturally gave way to Honda releasing the larger CL77 305 Scrambler in 1965.

A screenshot of Elvis on his CB77 in the 1964 film “Roustabout”.

This particular 1962 CB72 example has an engine and frame that have VIN’s that are slightly off, albeit by only two-digits. The last three-digits of the frame are 283, and 285 on the engine. This bike underwent a cosmetic restoration “many years ago” but is still in pretty great shape. The aforementioned resto-job was completed by a supposedly renowned, yet unnamed Northern California mechanic who specialized in this area and is said to be particularly skilled with recreating vintage factory paint jobs. Looking at the paint on this Hawk 250, I’m inclined to believe the seller. Many, if not all, of the non-original parts have been replaced by NOS units, including the exhaust. In addition to the non-original seat that’s currently on this example, the seller all has a seat with an OEM replica seat cover.

According to the seller, this example is from 1962 despite its registration stating that it’s a 1963 model. It is in need of a new set of tires as the current rubber is experiencing some sidewall cracking. Otherwise this example appears to be in decent condition, or at least the seller doesn’t list any other issues. This more-than-half-century-old Honda has less than 4,500 miles on its odo, and has undergone a professional cosmetic restoration, both of which are good signs. I’m not particularly knowledgeable on this model, and aside from the seat I cant identify any non-stock parts, but perhaps someone who knows more than myself (it’s an admittedly low bar) can point out any modifications in the comments.

The cosmetic condition of this little Hawk is pretty outstanding. The CB72 came from the factory in three color options: Royal Blue, Scarlet Red, or Black, all of which came with accented silver hardware and exposed metal on the tank. The minor details, such as painting the center-stand, swing-arm, head and tail-light brackets, and rear suspension, all give the bike a much more clean and uniform look. There don’t appear to be any imperfections, and the tank emblems were almost certainly replaced as they look immaculate. I personally have a strong preference for 1970’s Honda’s over 1960’s models, but I do think this ’62 Hawk 250 is pretty damn cool.

You can find this 1962 Honda CB72 250 Hawk for sale here on Craigslist in Bend, Oregon with a price of $8,000.


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