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Naubuc I monitor - History

Naubuc I monitor - History



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Naubuc I
(Mon.: dp. 1,175; 1. 225': b. 45'3"; dr. 7'1". s. 9 k.; a. 2 XI-inch D. sb.; GL Casco)

The first Naubuc, laid down as a light-draft monitor at Perine's Union Iron Works, Williamsburgh, N.Y., was launched 19 October 1864. However, as with others of her class, she W.IS of faulty design and was found to be unseaworthy prior to her completion. She was then converted to a torpedo boat, 4th rate, with one XI-inch Dahlgren smoothbore, and Wood-Lay spar torpedo equipment. Commissioned 27 March 1865, Aeting Master Gilbert Dayton in command she saw no service and on 27 June 1865 was ordered to be 1aid up at the New York Navy Yard. In 1869, while at the Navy Yard, she was renamed twice: Gorgon, 15 June, and Minnetonka, 10 August. In 1875, she was broken up by Harlan and Hollingsworth, Wilmington, Del.


Naubuc I monitor - History

Most of the Civil War monitors were designed by John Ericsson, and used a turret of his own design. Ericsson's monitors were built with a shoal iron hull supporting an ironclad "raft", the raft being the only portion visible above water. The raft was of very low freeboard, and generally featured a large overhang all around, particularly at the bow and stern. The joining of the iron hull to the overhanging raft was a weak point in most designs.

Most of the surviving ships went into reserve ("ordinary") immediately after the Civil War. Most remained in reserve for many years, generally with little or no additional service, before finally being disposed of.


Monitor coastal monitor
Displacement: 987 tons
Dimensions: 172 x 41.5 x 10.5 feet/52.42 x 12.64 x 3.2 meters
Propulsion: Ericsson VL engines, 2 boilers, 320 hp, 1 shaft, 6 knots
Crew: 49
Armor: Iron: 2-4.5 inch sides, 1 inch deck, 8-9 inch turret
Armament: 1 dual turret with 2x11 inch Dahlgren smoothbore

Concept/Program: The first "monitor", and gave her name to the type. The vessel was intended as a means to counter Confederate ships attempting to challenge the blockade of southern ports the type also saw considerable service in attacking coastal fortifications. This was the first US warship fitted with a turret.

Design: Designed by Ericsson. Set the standard pattern for all following monitors. In addition to the general weaknesses of the type (i.e. seaworthiness), ventilation was very poor (despite the first use of mechanical ventilation in a warship), leading to terrible conditions for the crew. The originally planned armor had to be much reduced to increase freeboard even so, freeboard was only 14 inches. The turret mechanism was imprecise and difficult to work. The anchor and hawsepipe were below the "raft", in the hull itself, dangerously close to the water. There was a small pilothouse forward, and low funnels aft. Design speed of 8 knots was not reached. Despite design flaws, this ship set the stage for future monitors and battleships.

Operational: Is best known for her engagement with CSS Virginia (a.k.a. " Merrimac " in Hampton Roads, 9 March 1862 this battle was the first ironclad-vs.-ironclad encounter, and the start of the modern battleship era.

Monitor
Photos: [ Monitor 's turret showing battle damage], [ Monitor deck view].
Contracted to John Ericsson construction subcontracted to Continental Iron Works, Greenpoint, NY. Laid down 25 October 1861, launched 30 January 1862, commissioned 25 February 1862.

Engaged CSS Virginia 9 March 1862. Participated in actions on the James River and supported Army forces during the summer of 1862. Sank under tow off Cape Hatteras during a Force 7 gale, 31 December 1862.


Passaic class monitors
Displacement: 1,875 tons
Dimensions: 200 x 46 x 10.5 feet/60.96 x 14.01 x 3.2 meters
Propulsion: Ericsson VL engines, 2 boilers, 320 hp, 1 shaft, 4-5 knots
Crew: 75
Armor: Iron: 3-5 inch sides, 1 inch deck, 11 inch turret
Armament: 1 dual turret with 1x15 inch Dahlgren smoothbore, 1x11 inch Dahlgren smoothbore ( Patapsco 1x15 inch Dahlgren smoothbore, 1x8 inch Parrot MLR Camanche 2x15 inch Dahlgren smoothbore)

Concept/Program: An improved version of Monitor , correcting several of the deficiencies of that ship. Most of these vessels were contracted to their designer, John Ericsson, who then subcontracted the actual construction of the ships to various shipyards. Several of these monitors were renamed during 1869, then returned to their original names within a few weeks.

Design: Designed by Ericsson. Compared to Monitor , there was better ventilation, higher funnels, improved "raft" and hull shape, and the pilothouse was atop the turret. Seaworthiness was evidently improved, as Lehigh survived a Force 10 gale off Cape Hatteras, perhaps the worst conditions survived by any ship of this general type. One major weakness was extreme vulnerability to mines.

Variations: Two units were completed with variant armament, as listed above Lehigh had her 11 inch replaced by an 8 inch Parrot MLR soon after completion.

Modernization: Following the attacks on Charleston there were improvements in armor around the turret and pilothouse bases, turret roof, and decks over magazines and machinery. Two light guns of various types were also fitted in most or all units. All surviving units were eventually fitted with two 15 inch Dahlgren smoothbores.

Operational: Saw extensive service during the Civil War, almost exclusively during the attacks on Charleston, and the blockade of surrounding waters. Postwar they saw little action, but survived to the late 1890's and early 1900's, and were recommissioned for "coast defense" during the Spanish American War.

Departure from Service/Disposal: All the survivors were discarded within a few years of 1900, by which time they were quite old and completely obsolete. Although nominally in reserve, towards the end of their existence (especially after the Spanish-American War), they were probably poorly maintained and in no condition to return to service.

Passaic
Photos: [None Available].
Contracted to John Ericsson construction subcontracted to Continental Iron Works, Greenpoint, New York. Launched 30 August 1862, commissioned 25 November 1862.

Severely damaged 7 April 1863 during attacks on Charleston decommissioned at New York for repairs 12 May 1863. During repairs the 8 inch Parrot MLR was apparently replaced by an 11 inch Dahlgren smoothbore. Recommissioned 19 July 1863 and took part in all subsequent actions at Charleston.

Decommissioned to reserve 16 June 1865. Repaired and prepared for service 1876 recommissioned 24 November 1876. Served as a receiving ship at Washington DC 1878-1882, then at the Naval Academy 1883-1892, at Boston 1893-1894. Loaned to the Massachusetts Naval Militia 1895-1896 Georgia Naval Militia 1897-1898.

Recommissioned for Spanish American War service 16 May 1898 decommissioned 11 September 1898. Sold for scrapping 10 October 1899.

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Montauk
Photos: [None Available].
Contracted to John Ericsson construction subcontracted to Continental Iron Works, Greenpoint, NY. Launched 9 October 1862, commissioned 17 December 1862.

Saw extensive service during operations of Charleston. Six alleged accomplices to assassin John Wilkes Booth were briefly imprisoned aboard during April 1865, while Booth's body was also aboard. Decommissioned to reserve mid-late 1865. Sold for scrapping 14 April 1904.

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Nahant
Photos: [As recommissioned in 1898].
Built by Harrison Loring, City Point Works, South Boston, Mass. Launched 7 October 1862, commissioned 29 December 1862.

Saw extensive service off Charleston badly damaged in action 7 April 1863.

Decommissioned to reserve 11 August 1865. Renamed Atlas 15 June 1869, then Nahant 10 August 1869. Recommissioned for Spanish American War service 12 April 1898 decommissioned postwar, probably September 1898. Sold for scrapping 6 April 1904.

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Patapsco
Photos: [None Available].
Contracted to John Ericsson construction subcontracted to Harlan & Hollingsworth, Wilmington, Del. Launched 27 September 1862, commissioned 2 January 1863.

Saw extensive service around Charleston. Mined in the Charleston River 16 January 1865 and sank in 15 seconds.

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Weehawken
Photos: [None Available].
Built by Zeno Secor & Co. at Joseph Coldwell, Jersey City, NJ. Laid down 17 June 1862, launched 5 November 1862, commissioned 18 January 1863.

Survived the storm that sank Monitor . Saw extensive service around Charleston captured CSS Atlanta 17 June 1863. Sunk in a gale off Morris Island, Charleston, 6 December 1863, due to shipping water through the hawsepipe and hatches while at anchor.

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Sangamon
ex- Conestoga
Photos: [As recommissioned ( Jason ) in 1898].
Contracted to John Ericsson construction subcontracted to Reaney, Son & Archbold, Chester, PA. Laid down summer 1862, renamed Sangamon 9 September 1862, launched 27 October 1862, commissioned 9 February 1863.

Operated in Hampton Roads and area rivers, then off Charleston. Decommissioned to reserve postwar, probably mid-1865. Renamed Jason 15 June 1869. Recommissioned for Spanish American War service 13 May 1898 decommissioned 1899. Sold for scrapping 1905.

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Catskill
Photos: [Turret close-up, early 1865, off Charleston], [ Catskill in 1898].
Contracted to John Ericsson construction subcontracted to Continental Iron Works, Greenpoint, NY. Launched 6 December 1862, outfitted at New York Navy Yard, commissioned 24 February 1863.

Served exclusively in operations around Charleston. Decommissioned to reserve 26 July 1865. Renamed Goliath 15 June 1869, then Catskill 10 August 1869. Repaired and prepared for service at New York Navy Yard 1874-1875 recommissioned late 1875 or early 1876. Decommissioned to reserve late 1877 or early 1878.

Recommissioned for Spanish American War service 26 April 1898 decommissioned 22 September 1898. Sold for scrapping 4 December 1901.

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Nantucket
Photos: [None Available].
Built by Atlantic Iron Works, Boston, Mass. Launched 6 December 1862, commissioned 26 February 1863.

Saw extensive service around Charleston. Decommissioned to reserve 24 June 1865. Renamed Medusa 15 June 1869, then Nantucket 10 August 1869. Briefly recommissioned from 29 July 1882 to 12 December 1882 and again 16 June 1884 to 6 October 1884, returning to reserve when decommissioned.

Loaned to the North Carolina Naval Militia 1895. Apparently recommissioned for Spanish American War service dates unknown. Sold for scrapping 14 November 1900.

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Lehigh
Photos: [ Lehigh in the James River, early 1865].
Contracted to John Ericsson construction subcontracted to Reany, Son & Archbold, Chester, PA. Launched 17 January 1863, commissioned 15 April 1863.

The 11 inch smoothbore was replaced by an 8 inch Parrot MLR immediately after completion. Operated in Hampton Roads and the James River, then off Charleston. Ran aground under enemy fire and was damaged, 16 November 1863.

Decommissioned to reserve 9 June 1865. Recommissioned 15 December 1875 as a training ship for the Naval Academy, then operated off Port Royal. Decommissioned to reserve 1879. Recommissioned for Spanish American War service 18 April 1898 decommissioned 8 September 1898. Sold for scrapping 14 April 1904.

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Camanche
Photos: [Just prior to launch], [Fitting out], [ Camanche in 1898].
Built by Donohue, Ryan & Secor at Joseph Coldwell, Jersey City, NJ. Construction was delayed by use of her parts for other vessels. Disassembled and shipped to San Francisco in 1863 aboard the freighter Aquila , which sank at her dock 16 November 1863, before the monitor was unloaded. Camanche was salvaged, reassembled at Union Iron Works, and launched 14 November 1864, commissioned 22 August 1865.

Apparently was completed with two 15 inch Dahlgren smoothbores. Decommissioned to reserve shortly after commissioning. Loaned to the California Naval Militia 1896-1897. Apparently reactivated for Spanish-American War service dates unknown. Sold for scrapping 22 March 1899.

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Canonicus class monitors
Displacement: 2,100 tons
Dimensions: 225 x 43 x 12.5-13 feet/68.58 x 13.2 x 3.78-3.96 meters
Propulsion: Ericsson VL engines, 2 boilers, 1 shaft, 320 ihp,

8 knots
Crew: 100
Armor: Iron: 3-5 inch sides, 1.5 inch decks, 10 inch turret
Armament: 1 dual turret with 2x15 inch Dahlgren smoothbore

Concept/Program: An improved version of the Passaic class, taking into account war experience. Four units were incomplete at the end of the Civil War.

Design: Designed by Ericsson. Significant changes from the Passaic design included heavier deck armor, better internal backing for the armor, uniform main batteries, and heavy armor around the turret base. As in the previous classes, they were highly vulnerable to mines. The design speed of 13 knots was not met.

Canonicus
Photos: [At the Jamestown Exposition, 1907].
Built by Harrison Loring, City Point Works, South Boston. Contracted 15 September 1862, launched 1 August 1863, commissioned 16 April 1864.

Operated in the James River, then in blockade service, and in attacks on Fort Fisher.

Decommissioned to reserve 30 June 1865. Renamed Scylla 15 June 1869, then Canonicus 10 August 1869. May have been overhauled during 1869-1972. Recommissioned 22 January 1872 and operated with the fleet, but was frequently placed out of commission for short periods. Decommissioned to reserve 1877. Retained in reserve for use as a display at the 1907 Jamestown Exposition was cleaned up, towed to the Exposition and placed on display, but was not recommissioned or made operable. Sold 19 February 1908.

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Saugus
Photos: [On the James River].
Built by Harlan & Hollingsworth & Co, Wilmington, DE. Contracted 13 October 1862, launched 16 December 1863, commissioned 7 April 1864.

Saw extensive service in the James River and in the assault on Wilmington. One 15" gun exploded 12 January 1865. Two alleged accomplices to assassin John Wilkes Booth were briefly imprisoned aboard during April 1865.

Decommissioned to reserve 13 June 1865. Recommissioned 30 April 1869 and operated along the Florida coast. Renamed Centaur 15 June 1869, then Saugus 10 August 1869. Decommissioned to reserve 31 December 1870 recommissioned 9 November 1872 decommissioned to reserve 9 March 1874 recommissioned 10 October 1874 decommissioned to reserve 8 October 1877. Condemned 1886, sold for scrapping 25 May 1891.

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Tecumseh
Photos: [None Available].
Built by Secor & Co. at Joseph Coldwell, Jersey City, NJ. Contracted 15 September 1862, launched 12 September 1863, commissioned 19 April 1864.

Operated in the James River, then in the Gulf of Mexico. Mined in Mobile Bay 5 August 1864 capsized and sank in 25-30 seconds.

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Manhattan
Photos: [None Available].
Built by Perine, Secor & Co. at Joseph Coldwell, Jersey City, NJ. Contracted 15 September 1862, launched 14 October 1863, commissioned 6 June 1864.

Operated in the Gulf of Mexico, including attacks on Mobile.

Decommissioned to reserve August 1865. Renamed Neptune 15 June 1869, then Manhattan 10 August 1869. Prepared for service at Philadelphia 1872-1873, recommissioned 19 November 1873. Was inactive after June 1877, but actual date of decommissioning is unknown. Stricken for disposal 14 December 1901 sold for scrapping 24 March 1902.

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Mahopac
Photos: [ Mahopac in the Appomatox River], [ Mahopac deck view].
Built by Secor & Co. at Joseph Coldwell, Jersey City, NJ. Contracted 15 September 1862, launched 17 May 1864, commissioned 22 September 1864.

Participated in the attacks on Charleston and Wilmington, and operated in the James and Appomatox Rivers.

Decommissioned to reserve June 1865 recommissioned 15 January 1866. Renamed Castor 15 June 1869, then Mahopac 10 August 1869. Decommissioned to reserve 11 March 1872 recommissioned 21 November 1873. From 1876 to 1888 she was apparently mostly stationary in various ports. Decommissioned to reserve 1889. Stricken for disposal 14 January 1902 sold for scrapping 25 March 1902.

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Wyandotte
ex- Vesuvius , ex- Tippecanoe
Photos: [ Wyandotte in service].
Built by Miles Greenwood at John Litherbury, Cincinnati, OH. Contracted 15 September 1862, laid down 28 September 1862, launched 22 December 1864, completed December 1865, delivered 15 February 1866. Not commissioned placed in reserve immediately upon delivery. Renamed Vesuvius 15 June 1869, then Wyandotte 10 August 1869. Overhauled by John Roach, Chester, PA, 1873-1874. Commissioned 24 January 1876.

Operated with the fleet until 1879, then served as station ship at Washington, DC. Decommissioned to reserve 1885. Loaned to the Connecticut state militia 1896. Returned to the Navy and recommissioned for Spanish American War service 30 April 1898 decommissioned 20 September 1898. Sold for scrapping 17 January 1899.

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Ajax
ex- Manayunk
Photos: [None Available].
Built by Snowdon & Mason, South Pittsburgh, PA Contracted 15 September 1862, launched 18 December 1864, completed 27 September 1865. Not commissioned, laid up in reserve immediately upon delivery. Renamed Ajax 15 June 1869. Commissioned 1 January 1871.

Operated from Key West briefly. Decommissioned at Philadelphia for repairs 1 July 1871, recommissioned 13 January 1874 decommissioned to reserve 27 July 1875. Recommissioned 5 November 1875 but remained inactive decommissioned to reserve 30 June 1891.

Loaned to the New Jersey Naval Militia 26 September 1895. Returned to the Navy and recommissioned for Spanish American War service 9 July 1898, but decommissioned 1 September 1898, before necessary repairs and overhaul had been completed. Sold for scrapping 10 October 1899.

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Oneota
Photos: [None Available].
Built by Alex Swift & Co and Niles Works, Cincinnati, OH. Contracted 10 September 1862, launched 21 May 1864, completed 10 June 1865. Never commissioned placed in reserve immediately upon delivery. Sold to Alex Swift & Co. in 1868 resold to Peru on 2 April 1868 as Manco Capac . Engaged the Chilean (ex-Peruvian) ironclad Huascar once. Scuttled 7 June 1880, apparently at Arica, Peru, to avoid capture by Chile. Reportedly the sunken hulk still exists and is mostly intact.

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Onondaga monitor
Displacement: 2,551 tons
Dimensions: 228.5 x 51 x 13 feet/69.67 x 15.6 x 3.91 meters
Propulsion: HRC engines, 4 boilers, 420 hp, 2 shafts, 7 knots
Crew: 150
Armor: Iron: 5.5 inch sides, 1 inch deck, 11 inch turrets
Armament: 2 dual turrets, each with 1x15 inch Dahlgren smoothbore, 1x8 inch Parrot MLR

Concept/Program: A larger purpose-built monitor, essentially the equivalent of two Passaic class ships. In service she saw only riverine duties, but was intended for coastwise duties as well.

Design: Designed by Quintard. Had a conventional iron hull with 14" freeboard. Turrets were essentially identical to those of the Passaic class.

Operational: During the Civil War she served only on the James River.

Onondaga
Photos: [In the James River], [ Onondaga in French service].
Contracted to George Quintard construction subcontracted to Continental Iron Works, Greenpoint, NY. Contracted 26 May 1862, launched 29 July 1863, commissioned 4 March 1864.

Saw extensive service along the James River, supporting Army operations.

Decommissioned to reserve 8 June 1865. Sold to her builder 12 July 1867, and was then resold to France under the same name. Was rearmed by the French with four 9.4 inch rifles remained in service through 1903, stricken 1904, and subsequently scrapped.

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Miantonomoh class monitors
Displacement: 3,400 tons
Dimensions: 258.5 x 53 x 13 feet/78.8 x 16.07 x 3.86 meters
Propulsion: HRCR engines ( Agamenticus , Mondnock : Ericsson VL engines), 4 boilers, 2 shafts, 1,400 ihp, 9 knots (design), 6.5 knots actual in some ships
Crew: 150
Armor: Iron: 5 inch sides, 1.5 inch decks, 10 inch turrets
Armament: 2 dual turrets, each with 2x15 inch Dahlgren smoothbore

Concept/Program: Larger dual-turreted monitors, generally considered the best US monitors of the era. Two ships of the class undertook major ocean voyages, indicating a vast improvement in seaworthiness over the earlier classes.

Design: Designed by the Navy. The hull was of conventional form, but was unfortunately wooden, not iron. Freeboard was 31 inches. The turrets were similar to those of the Passaic class, but slightly larger a pilothouse was fitted atop each turret. There was a light hurricane deck between the turrets, a tall funnel and a tall ventilation shaft. There were variations among the ships, and some sources identify them as four one-ship classes. Tonawanda 's turrets were closer together than in the other three ships.

Departure from Service/Disposal: By the 1870's the wooden hulls were badly rotted, and the ships were disposed of. They were nominally "repaired" as "New Navy" monitors, but in fact the old wooden ships were sold to the shipbuilders as partial payment for the new iron ships, and were scrapped.

Miantonomoh
Photos: [At Malaga, Spain, probably 26 December 1866], [Hulked at Boston, 1874].
Built by New York Navy Yard. Laid down 1862, launched 15 August 1863, commissioned 18 September 1865.

Sent to Europe under tow in 1866 operated in European waters 16 June 1866 to 15 May 1867. Decommissioned to reserve 26 July 1867 recommissioned 15 November 1869 decommissioned to reserve 28 July 1870.

Transferred to John Roach, Chester, PA for scrapping, 1874, as partial payment for a new monitor of the same name.

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Monadnock
Photos: [None Available].
Built by Boston Navy Yard. Laid down 1862, launched 23 March 1863, commissioned 4 October 1864.

Participated in the assault on Fort Fisher and in operations on the James River. Sent to the Pacific under tow departed Philadelphia 5 October 1865 and arrived at San Francisco 21 June 1866. Decommissioned to reserve 30 June 1866.

Transferred to Continental Iron Works, Vallejo, CA for scrapping, 1874-75, as partial payment for a new monitor of the same name.

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Agamenticus
Photos: [ Agamenticus as completed], [In service as Terror ].
Built by Portsmouth Navy Yard. Laid down 1862, launched 19 March 1863, modified with addition of a hurricane deck prior to completion, commissioned 5 May 1864.

Saw no combat during the Civil War. Decommissioned to reserve 30 September 1865. Renamed Terror 15 June 1869. Recommissioned 27 May 1870 decommissioned to reserve 10 June 1872.

Transferred to William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia, PA for scrapping, 1874, as partial payment for a new monitor of the same name.

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Tonawanda
Photos: [ Tonawanda in service].
Built by Philadelphia Navy Yard. Laid down 1862, launched 6 May 1864, commissioned 4 October 1865.

Decommissioned to reserve 22 December 1865. Recommissioned 23 October 1866 as a training ship for the Naval Academy. Renamed Amphitrite 15 June 1869. Apparently decommissioned to reserve 1872.

Transferred to Harlan & Hollingsworth Co., Wilmington, DE for scrapping, 1873-74, as partial payment for a new monitor of the same name.


Battle of Hampton Roads [ edit ]

As Monitor approached Cape Henry on the afternoon of 8 March, CSS Virginia, the former U.S. steam frigate Merrimack — now rebuilt as an ironclad ram — steamed out of the Elizabeth River into Hampton Roads and attacked the wooden hulled Union warships blockading Norfolk. Captain Franklin Buchanan, the Confederate commander, singled out sailing sloop Cumberland as his first victim.

She opened the engagement when less than a mile distant from Cumberland and the firing became general from blockaders and shore batteries but most shots from the Union guns glanced harmlessly off the Confederate ironclad's slanted sides. Virginia rammed Cumberland below the waterline and she sank rapidly. Buchanan later reported the Union sailors remained “gallantly fighting her guns as long as they were above water.” Buchanan next turned Virginia's attention on the frigate Congress, which had run hard aground while attempting to close, and the frigate was set ablaze with hot shot and incendiary shell. She also damaged Minnesota before retiring to Sewell's Point for the night.

Monitor's crew could hear the roar of cannon as they rounded Cape Henry into Chesapeake Bay and headed toward the scene of battle. But all was quiet when she hove-to alongside Roanoke. Captain Marston directed Worden to assist battered Minnesota, hard aground off Newport News.

At dawn, Virginia again emerged and headed toward Minnesota to administer the coup de grace. Monitor steamed out of Minnesota's shadow to intercept the Confederate ironclad ram. A Confederate officer on CSS Patrick Henry, one of Virginia's paddle wheel consorts, described the Union challenger as “an immense shingle floating on the water with a gigantic cheese box rising from its center no sails, no wheels, no smokestack, no guns.” But the unusual federal vessel soon won the respect of friend and foe alike, fighting the Confederate ironclad to a standstill in an exhausting four-hour duel. With both warships damaged and running low on shot, Virginia retired to Sewell’s point after failing to break the Federal blockade.


List of United States Navy monitors

The list of United States Navy monitors includes the United States Navy ships designated as monitors .

Monitors were named after the ironclad USS Monitor , the first ship of its kind to be built and used by the Northern States during the American Civil War . They were relatively small and slow, but armed with very heavy artillery in one or two turrets . As platforms that were only partially seaworthy for a few large-caliber guns, they were designed for use in coastal waters and on rivers. H. for coastal defense or to attack land targets.

At the end of the Civil War, the Northern Fleet had 50 monitors in service or under construction.

During the Spanish-American War in 1898, the USA once again used monitors, which, however, already corresponded more to the coastal armored ships of European navies.

The US Navy used monitors for a third time when it converted 24 LCM (6) landing craft from WWII into river monitors for the Brown Water Navy during the Vietnam War . Eight of them were each having a 105-mm howitzer armed M49, six with flame-throwers of the type M10-8 and ten 40 mm grenade launchers.


BenQ Eye-care Monitor History

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Naubuc I monitor - History

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How to Use Router to Monitor Which Websites Are Visited

We live in an age where the internet rules and controls pretty much everything in our lives. Everybody in our lives, from our children, our partners and our employees all use the internet daily, but this, of course, doesn't come without its problems.

Perhaps your children are accessing pornography on their devices? Maybe your partner is addicted to online gambling or messaging people they shouldn't be? In some cases, your employees may be slack in their work and are accessing the content they need from time to time. In these cases, have you considered tracking their router history?

Whatever the problem you may be facing, the best way to approach it is to get proof, so you know for sure. Today, we're going to teach you everything you need to know.

Can a Wi-Fi Owner See What Websites I Visit?

Asking yourself whether someone can see what sites I visit on wifi?

In short, the answer is Yes they can see what sites I visit on wifi. While many websites and services offer data encryption services to protect your data, this isn't always as secure as you might think. For example, if you're reading an email, looking at a picture, or reading an article, the Wi-Fi will not be able to see the type of content that you're consuming.

However, they will be able to see the IP addresses and the URLs of the websites that you've been visiting, so this is the information they'll need to see what content you're accessing. For example, while they won't be able to see the porn video you're watching, they'll be able to see which page you were on, so they can find out easily.

This is all possible through a wifi history viewer, or you can simply check router history yourself on your computer.

How to Use the Router to Monitor Which Websites are Visited?

Below, we'll show you just how easy it is to find out which websites are being visited through the router that you have on your property by checking your route history. Please note, however, the steps may vary depending on the make and model of the router you're using, but this will typically be just a change in the option titles or layout of the interface.

Step #1 - Open your internet browser on your computer and type in your IP address. This will be an 8-digit number in the format of "000.000.0.0". You can find this by referring to the manual of your router to begin to check router history.

Step #2 - You'll now find yourself on the dashboard of your router. This is where it depends on what router you have. Start by signing in using your admin credentials. These can be found in your manual or on the base of your device to start checking your router history.

Step #3 - On the homepage of your router dashboard, find the log settings, wifi history viewer or activity history option. For example, if you're using a NetGear router, you can use the wifi history viewer settings to find the router history in the Logs section on the left-hand side.

Besides, if you're using a Linksys router, you'll need to make sure the Logging option is enabled, which will then activate the View setting for seeing the browser history.

That's all it takes to start to check the router history of your property, home or business.

How to monitor which websites are visited using FamiSafe?

If the people in your property mainly use their mobile devices, such as their iOS phones, iPads, Android phones or Android tablets, there is another option available to you: FamiSafe.

Some of the key features that FamiSafe can provide you includes

  • Track the device in real-time using the integrated GPS technology
  • See all device location history
  • Set up custom geofenced areas for custom location notifications
  • Actively block access to certain websites
  • View all browsing history accessed through the device
  • Set up custom device usage schedules
  • Block and unblock access to certain applications

This is a complete mobile tracking and monitoring application that can be easily installed on someone's device and will provide you all the information and features you need to monitor somebody's internet activity. You can even see what sites I visit on wifi.

Step #1 - Install FamiSafe and register a free FamiSafe account.

  • Location Tracking & Geo-fencing
  • App Blocker & Web Filtering
  • Web Filtering
  • Screen Time Control
  • Smart Parental Control Setting

Step #2 - Install the FamiSafe app on your kid's devices.

Step #3 - Connect and monitor the kid's phone from the parent's account by Famisafe.

Step #4 - FamiSafe is the most reliable parental control app for location tracking, app blocking, web filtering, screen time control, and more. You can start your tracking now!

Step #5 - Using the navigation menu on the left-hand side, scroll down the Web History option and click it. This will show you up-to-date information on all the internet websites that the device has been visiting so you'll know exactly what sites have been accessed.

Protect your children with FamiSafe

As you can see, FamiSafe is a feature-rich application that can help you to protect your children from the dangers that can come with using a modern-day device, such as an iPhone or Android phone.

This is because you'll be able to make sure that they're not accessing content that they shouldn't be accessing, and if they are then you'll have the ability to block them. If you feel like your child is using their device too much, you can use the blocking and scheduling features to make sure that they are limited to the amount of time they are spending on it.

When your children are out and about, you can also use the location tracking features to make sure that they are always in a safe place and somewhere they should be, rather than somewhere dangerous. To make sure they don't leave the safe location, or to receive a notification as soon as they do, you can use the geofencing feature.

It goes without saying that although the dangers of technology and the internet have never been rifer, there has never been a better selection of tools to help you take control.

Whether your loved ones or employees are using a mobile or computer device, you can have complete control over the content they're accessing to ensure that everything stays safe and secure in your world by viewing your router history.


Rerun pipelines and activities

To rerun a pipeline that has previously ran from the start, hover over the specific pipeline run and select Rerun. If you select multiple pipelines, you can use the Rerun button to run them all.

If you wish to rerun starting at a specific point, you can do so from the activity runs view. Select the activity you wish to start from and select Rerun from activity.

Rerun from failed activity

If an activity fails, times out, or is canceled, you can rerun the pipeline from that failed activity by selecting Rerun from failed activity.

View rerun history

You can view the rerun history for all the pipeline runs in the list view.

You can also view rerun history for a particular pipeline run.


Computer Monitoring Software for Parents

Do you worry about what kind of computer activities performed by your kids? Most parents are very concerned about kid's activities on their mobile phones or computer, so that's why we need to use computer monitoring software or parental control software for mobile phones to have control over the kid's behavior.

On the Internet, there is various kind of pc monitoring software for parents. In this guide, we have mentioned the 10 best monitoring software for computers . The parents can choose any parental control software or computer tracking softwares from the list to monitor the kid's computer activities and protect them.

PC monitoring software vs. computer spy software - which one should parents choose?

If you are a concerned parent, then you can easily monitor the kid's mobile phone and examine the insecure things. The monitoring is the best way to check your kid's Smartphone activities with limited scope. The monitoring process is a legal process and parents online check out the kid's activities on their mobile phone. As compare to monitoring, spying is secreting way to access the mobile phone without the knowledge of the target person. Sometimes, people are using the spying process for illegal issues.

It is necessary to understand that using computer monitoring software is to keep their kids safe rather than invading their privacy. If you don't want to spy a kid's phone, then you talk to your child about digital safety and tell them the benefits of remote pc monitoring software. You can easily choose reliable parental control software and check the kid's phone performance.

10 best computer monitoring software for parents

With the advancement of technology, everyone uses the Smartphone or computer devices rapidly for various purposes. At the present time, kids are more addicted to browsing the internet, playing games, and doing other activities. If your kids have a mobile phone, then they addicted to using for various purposes rather than doing something else. Kid's easy access to modern gadgets and browsing different applications even exposed the unsafe website. Every parent is more concerned about kid's behavior or activities that are performed on their mobile phones. It is your duty to protect your kid's from these types of content and websites in early age. There is plenty of parental monitoring software freely available on the internet that makes it easy to monitor kid's activity on their mobile phones.

There is 10 best computer monitoring software for parents to control the kid's activities such as:

1. FamiSafe computer monitoring software

It is one of the best pc monitoring software for tracking the various actions of kid's computer. With this computer tracking software, you can track kids browsing history, computer activity, block certain desktop apps or filter porn websites on PC.

Also it can help kids get rid of computer game addiction by setting reasonable computer screen time rules. If you want to monitor a kid's computer activity, then you need to choose FamiSafe, the best computer monitoring software. This app offers a wide range of protection on different devices such as Windows, Mac OS, Android, iOS, and Kindle Fire versions. It comes with three free days trial on Google Play and App Store.

*Works on Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, Kindle Fire

  • Web Filter & Blocker
  • Screen Time Limit & Schedule
  • Location Tracking & Geo-fencing
  • App Blocker & App Activity Tracker
  • YouTube History Monitor & Video Blocker
  • Social Media Texts & Porn Images Alerts

FamiSafe is a full-featured remote pc monitoring software:

  • Get detailed daily computer activity report.
  • Track screen time and monitor PC activity.
  • Easily track all Internet history for all browsers, including deleted or incognito browsing history.
  • Set up screen time rules. You can block the whole devices or set screen time rules or allowence.
  • Block or restrict certian computer apps.
  • Remotely monitor multi devices at the same time and only need one account.
  • Don't need to monitor kids' computer from another computer. You can use your phones to set digital rules.
  • Browser independent content filter feature

2. K9 Web Protection

This is one of the best free parental control apps. If you want to monitor your kid's phone activities, then choose the K9 Web Protection parental control app. It is currently compatible with various OS such as Windows, Mac, Android, and iPhone.

Features of K9 Web Protection such as:

  • Real-time location.
  • Set time restrictions.
  • Block various social apps and websites.

You can simply download this app free from its official website.

3. Family Time

With this parental control app, you can easily monitor the kid's activities on their mobile phones. If you want to access kid's mobile phone information such as call history, social app, and many others. You can easily download and install the Family Time app on iOS and Android devices. This app is compatible with Android and iOS versions. There are some features of Family Time parental control app such as:

  • Track Real-time GPS location
  • Geo-fencing feature.
  • Easily block the social app or websites.

4. Window Live Family Safety

If you want parental control on a windows system, then you choose the best free Window live Family Safety software. This software is easily compatible with all versions of Windows.

  • Easy to set screen time.
  • Real-time location tracking
  • Access to online activities.

5. Norton Online Family

The Norton Online Family parental control app is a popular app to monitor kid's activities. This parental control app is a multi-device application that gives various features to keep your kids safe. With this app, you can easily access the all-time kid's activities of their digital devices. You can access all social activities and websites. There are some features of Norton Online Family such as:

  • Easily monitor social activity
  • Easily Access GPS location.
  • Track all phone calls and messages.

6. Net Nanny

This app is one of cross-platform for monitoring various activities and filtering websites. The Net Nanny parental control app is easily compatible with Windows, Mac, and Android devices. Features such as :

  • Easy to block social apps and websites.
  • Monitor online activities.
  • Manage Screen time.

7. Kidlogger

Kidlogger is one of the best free parental control apps that helps you keep an eye on kid's activities. This app is currently compatible with iOS, Android, Mac, and Windows. There are features of Kidlogger such as:

  • Access web history and social app
  • Allow to time tracking.
  • Easily monitor phone calls, messages, and chats.

8. Kaspersky Safe Kids

If you want to monitor your kid's mobile or computer activities, then you need to choose the best parental control app. Kaspersky Safe Kids is one of the best apps for monitoring various kinds of activities of kid's phones. There are some features such as:

  • Access real-time GPS location.
  • Easily block the inappropriate sites:
  • Check device usage time.

  • Real-time location with a notification alert.
  • There are two versions of this app such as the free version and premium version.

9. MSpy Parental Control

mSpy is one of the best parental control app that offers ultimate features for parents to control over the kids. If you want to download and install this app, then there are simple and easy steps to use. With this parental control app, you can easily access overall activities such as view all text messages, calls, real-time location, and many others. The MSpy parental control app is easily compatible with iOS, Android, Mac, and Windows operating systems. There are some features such as:

  • Access calls history and contact details.
  • View text messages.
  • Monitor real-time GPS location.
  • Better Geo-fencing feature.

10. Screen Limit

With this popular app, you can easily manage your kid's mobile phone screen limit. You can set up a screen limit on their phone to perform any activity on their phone and easily block the app or website content. This app is easily supported OS such as Android, iOS, Windows, and Mac system. There are some basic features such as:

  • Provide cross-platform features.
  • Easily setup screen time limit.
  • Block social app or websites with instantly.
  • Remotely access messages.

FamiSafe - Parental control software for iPhone & Android

If you want to set parental control on kid's Android or iPhone devices, then you need to choose the best parental monitoring software for parents from the internet. On the internet platform, there is a wide range of parental control software that offers the best features for parents. FamiSafe is one of the best parental monitoring for Android and iPhone. With this app, you can easily set parental control on the kid's phone and start monitoring. If you have an Android phone, then you can easily download and install from the Play store app and make some setting on mobile. With this parental control app, you can easily access various activities of kids such as browsing history, location tracking, block unsafe sites, screen-time features, and many others.

A Reliable and Handy Parental Control App

  • Web Filtering & Browse History
  • Location Tracking & Geo-fencing
  • App Blocker & App Activity Report
  • Screen Time Limit & Schedule
  • Explicit Content & Suspicious Photos Detection

Features of FamiSafe Parental Control Software:

  • Real-Time Location Tracking: With the Famisafe parental control app, you can easily monitor the real-time location of your kid's.
  • Geo-Fencing & Monitor Location History: With the geofencing feature, parents easily make a boundary around the kid's phone. If kids are cross the boundary, then you get instant notification on your phone. You can easily check your kid's location history such a check these places where your kids visited each day. It helps you can easily understand kids moves and activities.

  • Web Filter & Browser History: With FamiSafe Parental Control software, you can easily block inappropriate sites and contents on your kid's mobile phones and monitor daily browser history.
  • App block & Usage tracking report: With FamiSafe Parental Control software, you can easily block inappropriate apps and know your kids' daily app usage.
  • Screen Time Monitoring and limiting: If you want kids doing proper study at study time and take a proper sleep at a sleeping time, then you can easily set the screen time limit or schedule reasonable screen time.
  • Explicit Content & Photo Detection: The Famisafe offers flexible alert words setting and detection on main social media apps and YouTube. Getting real-time signals of dangerous content like sexting, cyberbullying, online predators from Facebook, Kik, Whatsapp, or other social media platforms. Also, it helps detect suspicious photos on your kids' phone album.

Most of the time, parents are worried about their kids. If your kid's going anywhere with their friends, then you don't need to worry about their location as there is the best parental control that offers remarkable features for you. FamiSafe is one of the best parental controls for you to access your kid's mobile phones such as Android or iPhone. With this parental software, you can easily set up the better control over kid's mobile phone activities. You can easily free download and install in Android device or iPhone devices from the Play Store and App Store. The FamiSafe parental monitoring software is available on the Play Store or App Store.

Every parent wants to know about kid's phone activities such as browsing sites, location, and many other activities. Then, they can use the FamiSafe Monitoring Software to monitor kid's activities. If you want to access your kid's activities, then download and install FamiSafe parental control software from Play Store or App Store or website.