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The Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain



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The Trevi Fountain (Fountain di Trevi) is an iconic 18th century monument in Rome. A stunning depiction of ancient deities and resplendent with frescos of legends and myths, the Trevi Fountain attracts floods of tourists keen to throw their coins into its waters to assure their return to Rome – or so goes the myth.

The Trevi Fountain history

Located in Rome’s Trevi district abutting the palazzo Poli, the Trevi Fountain was built on the site of an earlier fountain that was demolished in the 17th century. The Trevi Fountain marks the intersection of three major Roman roads – from which it gains the name ‘Trivium’ – and was the terminus of the Acqua Vergine. Revived from the Aqua Virgo of ancient Rome, this ancient aqueduct once served the Baths of Agrippa.

In 1629, Pope Urban VIII commissioned a new fountain on the site as he thought the original dull. The project was paused until Pope Clement XII organised a contest in 1730 for a new designer. Nicola Salvi was awarded the task despite having lost, the winner was a Florentine and the people of Rome cried out for a Roman designer.

Construction of the Travertine stone fountain began in 1732, and 4 different sculptors were hired to complete the Baroque-style decorations. Giuseppe Pannini was hired as architect who finished the fountain in 1762 so that it displayed sculptures of Agrippa and Trivia, the Roman virgin. The fountain was officially opened on 22 May by Pope Clement XIII.

From the late 1980s, the Trevi has had numerous restorations and refurbishment to remove smog discolouration and repair small areas of deterioration. The fountain also starred in several notable films, including Roman Holiday (1953), Three Coins in the Fountain (1954), Fellini’s La Dolce Vita (1960), and The Lizzie McGuire Movie (2003).

The Trevi Fountain today

Any trip to Rome is not complete without visiting the 85 foot tall Trevi Fountain to throw a euro over your left shoulder into the fountain’s clear pool. The backdrop of the fountain is the Palazzo Poli with its dramatic facade of Corinthian pilasters.

The story told by the fountain is one of ‘taming the waters’, and you can see the tumbling design over rock and water that includes Neptune towering over Tritons, another Greek god of the sea, on a shell chariot taming the hippocamps or sea-horses. If you want a particularly spectacular view, return to the fountain at nighttime to see it lit up by over 100 lights.

Getting to The Trevi Fountain

If using Rome’s metro which is advised, the Trevi Fountain is an 8 minute walk from Berberini – Fontana di Trevi or Spagna stops. There is a bus station around the corner at L.Go Chigi from which major Roman bus lines run including the 51, 52, 53, 62, 63 and 71 lines.


Trevi Fountain: History & Legend

Anyone who’s spent any time in Italy knows that just about every town of even a modest size has a fountain or two decorating one side of a piazza or garden. But very few fountains have the international fame of the Trevi Fountain in Rome – this is a fountain we all know by name, and which tourist hordes make a point to see during their stay in Italy’s capital. So, why all the fuss?

Well, one of the main reasons everyone makes a beeline for the Trevi among all the fountains in Rome is that it’s appeared in so many movies that it’s practically a movie star. From the iconic “Roman Holiday” to the decidedly less so “When in Rome” (yes, the Olsen twins movie), the Trevi Fountain is so instantly recognizable as being part of Rome that it’s been the ideal backdrop for films for decades. Even if you’re not a Fellini fan, you’ve at least seen clips of Anita Ekberg’s famous Trevi Fountain bathing scene from “La Dolce Vita,” and the tradition of throwing coins into the Trevi was the basis for an entire book and movie, “Three Coins in the Fountain.” In short, the Trevi is almost a Roman celebrity in its own right, and even though it’s usually horribly crowded and a haven for pickpockets and trinket sellers, it’s still worth a side-trip when you’re walking through the city.

History of the Trevi Fountain

One of the first things you’ll notice about the Trevi Fountain – or Fontana di Trevi in Italian – is that it’s downright enormous. At 85 feet high and 65 feet wide, it’s the biggest fountain in the entire city of Rome. A fountain was originally built on this spot in the mid-15th century, when the tradition of building fountains to mark the end point of an acqueduct was rekindled, but this has always been the terminus of one of Rome’s ancient acqueducts – the Acqua Vergine. The acqueduct was destroyed by invaders in the 6th century, but repaired in the 15th century by order of the Pope when the first fountain was built. The Trevi Fountain you see today, which was completed in 1762, is still served by that same Acqua Vergine acqueduct.

The design of the Trevi changed several times as it was being built, as happens with construction projects that outlive the funding source. In the early 17th century, the Pope decided the existing fountain wasn’t dramatic enough and asked famed sculptor Bernini to come up with a new design. When the Pope died, so did the construction project, although one element of Bernini’s design can be seen in the current fountain – he moved the fountain from one side of the piazza to the other.

The Trevi Fountain project was taken up again in the early 18th century, and this time it continued even after the then-Pope’s death. In this case, even the designer, Nicola Salvi, didn’t live to see the final fountain. Salvi died in 1751 and the fountain was completed in 1762 the design is still predominantly Salvi’s, although another designer was overseeing the work at the end.

Design of the Trevi Fountain

While most people aren’t concerned with the allegories and symbolism of the fountain’s decor (especially since many are facing away from the fountain as they’re throwing coins), to the original builders the meaning was just as important as the water that flowed from the fountain. The star of the show is a figure called “Oceanus,” who is seen riding on a giant clam shell and represents water in all its forms – rivers, oceans, lakes, etc. – although perhaps the name most of us might recognize is that of Triton, Poseidon’s son who’s most often seen blowing on a conch shell. You’ll see him on the right side of Oceanus.

The building behind the fountain, the Palazzo Poli, existed when the fountain was built, but it was spruced up a bit to go with the fancy new fountain in front of it. And you may be interested to know that the same acqueduct that feeds the Trevi Fountain also feeds the fountain in the middle of Piazza Navona. In other words, if anyone else decides to dye the water in the Trevi Fountain red and the water isn’t shut off quickly, the water in the Piazza Navona fountain will be red, too.


Great panorama shot of the Trevi Fountain & crowds surrounding it

Throwing Coins in the Trevi Fountain

As mentioned, there’s a long-standing tradition about throwing coins in the Trevi Fountain – spend a few minutes watching people at the fountain and you’ll see that this is the main reason many people stop by. The original legend says that if you throw a coin into the Trevi – with your back to the fountain, throwing the coin with your right hand over your left shoulder – that will ensure a return to Rome. Perhaps thanks in part to the film “Three Coins in the Fountain,” a newer story also routinely makes the rounds that says throwing one coin means a return to Rome, a second coin leads to a new romance, and a third coin leads to marriage. You are welcome to believe (or not believe) either one – it all depends on your level of superstition, and the depth of your wallet!

(And clearly the whole thing about the “right hand over the left shoulder” isn’t even widely accepted, as a quick search through Flickr photos of people throwing coins into the fountain is testament to. I have no idea what good fortune the girls in the picture at the right thought the addition of crazy facial expressions might bring them.)

While there are regularly attempts to steal the coins from the bottom of the fountain, you may be pleased to know that the coins are collected every night and the funds have been used to fund a supermarket that serves the poor of Rome, the Italian Red Cross, as well as other local charities. And we’re not talking chump change, either – workers routinely pull roughly &euro3,000 per day out of the Trevi!

The folks in this video have the right hand/left shoulder thing down:

Visiting the Trevi Fountain

Location: Piazza di Trevi, 00187 Rome (map below) slightly NE from the Pantheon. The closest Rome Metro station is Barberini.
Hours: Always open
Admission: Free (except for the coins you’ll throw!)
Visitor’s Tips:


Trevi Fountain in Rome, Italy - history, art and artists, facts, legends, and more!

Here’s what you need to know the Trevi Fountain history, art, and architecture:

How old is the Trevi Fountain?

The Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi in Italian) you see today in Rome took over 100 years to build.

This is because it had stops and starts due to budget constraints and changes in popes and architects over the years.

But even if the fountain you see today was completed in the 18th century, its history goes back more than 2,000 years.

TREVI FOUNTAIN History - ORIGINS IN ANCIENT ROME

General Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (first Roman Emperor Augustus' right-hand man) constructed an aqueduct in 19 BCE to help bring water to the thermal baths near the Pantheon.

That aqueduct ended in a plain little fountain where the church of Saint Ignatius stands today.

The water that feeds the Trevi Fountain today was originally brought to Rome by Agrippa to feed the baths behind the Pantheon, as seen imagined in this 16th century etching by Di Etienne Duperac. Wikimedia - public domain.

10 facts about the Trevi Fountain in Rome

The name ‘Trevi’ means ‘three-ways’ and is said to refer to the junction of three roads on Piazza dei Cruciferi. There was also a famous Goddess named Trivia. She protected the streets of Rome and had three heads so she could see everything going on around her. She would always stand on the corners where three streets met.

2. The first Trevi Fountain was purely functional

In the Middle Ages public water fountains were purely functional. They supplied fresh drinking water from natural springs to the people in Rome, who would bring buckets to the fountains, and collect water to take home. The first Trevi Fountain was designed by Leon Battista Alberti in 1453 at the terminal of the old Aqua Virgo aqueduct. For more than a century this Trevi fountain offered the only supply of pure water in Rome.

3. The Trevi Fountain was not designed by Bernini

The celebrated architect Bernini, who designed 5 spectacular fountains in Rome like the central fountain on Piazza Navona, did not design the present Trevi Fountain. But he did contribute to the process. In 1629 Bernini was commissioned to build a new Trevi Fountain. He pulled down the old fountain and moved the outlet of the aqueduct to its present position. Bernini was allowed to use stone from the tomb of Cecilia Metella on the Appian Way for the fountain, but this caused a public outcry and delayed the project. Bernini left the fountain as a semicircular basin without decorations.

4. Designer with flair for theatrics

The Trevi Fountain was designed by a poet and philosopher called Nicola Salvi. He had no architectural experience, apart from having previously designed a set-piece for a firework display in Piazza di Spagna. Salvi set to work in 1732 and he wanted to create a great waterfall that should spring from the façade of a palazzo. Both Salvi and the sculptor who carved the figures died before the fountain was completed and inaugurated in May 1762.

5. The sea god is not Neptune

The centre piece in the Trevi Fountain is the Greek sea God Oceanus. Unlike Neptune who would have a trifork and a dolphin, Oceanus is accompanied by sea-horses and Tritons who are half men and half mermen. Salvi used the symbolism to visualize an essay on water. The triton on the left who is having trouble with a restless horse represents rough seas. The triton leading a calm steed is the ocean in tranquility. Agrippa to the left is abundance with a toppled vase as the source of water, while Virgo to the right symbolizes health and water as nourishment.

In 2015 the Trevi Fountain was undergoing restoration, but the fountain is now back in operation.

6. There is magic in the water

At some point in the late 19th century, people started to believe that a sip of water from the Trevi Fountain would ensure a return to Rome. No one should attempt drinking the water in the fountain today, but there is a supply of aqua potabile in the right hand corner of the fountain, where you can fill you water bottle.

7. A coin to appease the Gods (and the builders)

The sip of water is accompanied by a coin thrown into the fountain to ensure not just a speedy but a safe return to Rome. This rite has been traced back to the Ancient Romans, who sacrificed a coin in lakes and rivers to placate the Gods into helping them back home safely. Others claim the tradition sprung from an early attempt at using crowd funding to cover maintenance costs.

8. The Trevi Fountain generates 3 000 Euros a day

According to Wikipedia an estimated 3 000 Euros are thrown into the Trevi Fountain each day. The coins are collected every night and given to charity, an Italian organization known as Caritas. They use it on a supermarket programme giving rechargeable cards to Rome’s needy to help them get groceries.

9. The Trevi Fountain in poetry and film

Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote The Marble Faun about the Trevi Fountain. And the fountain plays a prominent role in films like ‘Thee Coins in the Fountain’, and ‘Roman Holiday’, starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck. The best know Trevi Fountain scene is probably from ‘La Dolce Vita’ with Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni. In fact, the fountain was turned off and draped in black crepe to honor actor Marcello Mastroianni after his death in 1996.

10. The Trevi Fountain has reopened after a €2m restoration

From June 2014 to November 2015 visitors found the Trevi Fountain drained and sealed off with fencing. Now it has reopened after a €2m restoration and the attraction is greater than ever.


The name of the fountain

Concerning the name of the picturesque spring, there are several versions of its origins. The most wide-spread opinion is that Trevi Square is a place, where three large streets in Rome are gathered. However, experts in latin language think that, in fact, italian “trevi” comes from the altered latin word “trivium”, which can be translated as “junction of the three roads”. The second legend tells us a story about young lady named Trivia, who managed to give ancient builders a hint where the spring with pure drinking water was located to construct the aqueduct.


The original architect died before its completion.

Much like the Sagrada Família church in Barcelona, the original architect of the Trevi Fountain, Nicola Salvi, died before he could ever live to see his plan come to fruition. In 1730, when Pope Clement XII ordered a competition to find an architect for the fountain, Salvi lost to competitor Alessandro Galilei.

However, the citizens of Rome decried the fact that a Florentine had won, and ultimately the project’s commission went to Salvi. Construction began in 1732, and Salvi died in 1751. Following his death, sculptor Pietro Bracci oversaw the progress until its completion in 1762.


Tips for Visiting Trevi Fountain

  • Visit once during the day and then again at night. I only visited during the day, but from pictures I’ve seen the fountain looks spectacular at night.
  • Crowds are hard to avoid, but your best bet to getting a nice photograph without a ton of people in it is to visit just after sunrise.
  • Watch your belongings. People will be brushing up against each other trying to get close to the fountain and being alert will make sure no one walks off with your valuables.

Trevi Fountain – 16 Fun Facts, Video & History

As you emerge from the narrow cobble stone streets that open into Trevi Square you will be greeted by the breathtaking site of the Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi), one of the largest and most beautiful statues in the world.

The Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi in Italian) in Rome is located in the heart of Rome’s historic center and is a site that should not be missed by anyone visiting Rome.

The Trevi Fountain is located at the meeting of three roads (tre vie).

Who Built Trevi Fountain & When Was It Built?

The fountain was built at the end of an aqueduct (Aqua Virgo) that was constructed in 19BC. The Aqua Virgo was built by Augustus’s son-in-law Agrippa to supply water for the Roman Baths. The water for the fountain comes from the Salone Springs about 14 miles outside of Rome.

Pope Urban VIII originally commissioned Bernini to build the Trevi Fountain, however, Pope Urban VIII died prior to completion of the fountain and the project was stopped. A century after the original plan was abandoned Pope Clement XII commissioned Nicola Salvi in 1732 to design a fountain to be built in Trevi Square. Salvi’s design uses many of the elements in Bernini’s original design. The statue took 30 years to complete.

The fountain is a Baroque design and stands 85 feet high and 65 feet wide. The central figure in the fountain is Neptune, god of the sea. Neptune is riding a chariot in the shape of a shell that is pulled by two sea horses. Each sea horse is guided by a Triton. One horse is calm the other is enraged each symbolizes the moods of the sea.

To the left of Neptune is a statue representing Abundance, on the right a statue represents Health. The water at the bottom of the fountain represents the sea.

Trevi Fountain Coin Toss Tradition – Make a Wish

Legend has it that if you toss a coin into the fountain with your right hand over your right shoulder you will return to Rome.

16 Trevi Fountain Fun Facts at a Glance

Trevi Fountain – Photo By Archer10 (Dennis)

#1: Fact – The fountain is about 86 feet high (26.3 meters) and 65 feet wide (20 meters).

#2: It is the largest Baroque fountain in Rome

#3: It is a movie star! 1960’s La Dolce Vita by Federico Fellini starring Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni was not the only film in which the fountain was featured. Other films in which the Trevi Fountain plays a starring role are:

  • 1953: Roman Holiday starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck
  • 1954: Three Coins in the Fountain
  • 1963: Gidget Goes to Rome
  • 2003: The Lizzie McGuire Movie
  • 2014: Elsa and Fred starring Shirley MacLaine and Christopher Plummer

#4: There are two versions of where the word Trevi comes from. The first is that it comes from tre vie meaning three roads (the fountain is at the junction of three ancient roads). The other is that Trevi comes from the old name for the area that was originally called Trebium.

#5: Fun fact – A legend surrounds the fountain. It is told that in 19 BC Roman soldiers were guided by a young girl to a source of pure water about 8 miles (13 km) from Rome. The discovery of the source led to a commission for the construction of a 14 mile (22 km) aqueduct leading to Rome named Aqua Virgo or Virgin Waters after the young girl.

#6: In 1730 there was a contest to select an artist to design the fountain. But when a Florentine won the people of Rome were up in arms and so the Pope selected the designer who came in second the Roman Nicola Salvi.

#7: The loser in the contest was Alessandro Galilei from the same family as the famous scientist Galileo.

#8: Work on the fountain began in 1732 and was finished in 1762

#9: Most of the fountain is made from Travertine Stone from Tivoli 22 miles (35km) east of Rome

#10: The fountain has been restored several times including in 1998 and 2013. The 2013 restoration was sponsored by Fendi

#11: The backdrop of the fountain is the Palazzo Poli a Roman palace. The central part of the palace was demolished to provide room for the fountain in 1730.

#12: Make a wish – throw a coin in the fountain to ensure you will return to Rome

#13: Fun Fact – How to throw your coin – coins should be thrown using the right hand over the left shoulder

#14: It is estimated that about 3,000 Euros are thrown in the fountain each day and collected each night. Sadly it is not unusual for people to try to steal the coins.

#15: The money is used to subsidize a supermarket for Rome’s poor

#16: When Mastroianni, the actor from La Dolce Vita, died in 1996 the fountain was turned off and draped in black.

How much fun is this?

Build the Trevi Fountain out of Legos! It is appropriate for kids from the 4th grade on up. You can buy the Legos on Amazon by clicking here. It makes a great educational gift.

Trevi Fountain in Viral YouTube Video

Trevi Fountain is known for love. There is no better fountain in the world to film a music video showing gratitude for love.

Music Fact – Bon Jovi filmed their viral video “Thank You for Loving Me” in the streets of Rome and by the fountain.

Trevi Fountain in Famous Movies

The Trevi Fountain was made famous in the movies “Three Coins in a Fountain” and “La Dolce Vita”.

Frank Sinatra sings the theme song “Three Coins in a Fountain” in the video above which features clips from the movie.

Other Roman Fountains Worth a Visit

Fountains are everywhere in Rome and everywhere they are free.

All of the fountains in Rome are operated by gravity. The source of the water has to be higher than the fountain. As a result a number of fountains had to be modified after they were built because the water was not flowing. One of the most surprising experiences for visitors to Rome is that people still drink directly from the fountains. It is a common sight to see people filling up water bottles from a fountain and take a big swig.

Here are some of the better known and most beautiful fountains in Rome:

  • Fontane di Piazza San Pietro (Fountains in St. Peter’s Square). There are two fountains in the large piazza in front of St. Peter’s including one by Bernini
  • The 3 Fountains in Piazza Navona
    • Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi by Bernini which depicts four rivers (Ganges, Nile, Danube and the Rio de la Plata each representing a different continent)
    • Fontana del Moro
    • Fontana del Nettuno

    Where is it Located?

    The Trevi Fountain is located in Trevi Square near the Spanish Steps and Piazza Navona. The Trevi Fountain is open 24 hours a day and is free to all visitors.

    The fountain is a perfect stopping point in the middle of your walking tour of Rome. It can be crowded around the fountain so be patient and you will eventually be able to work your way up to the front and get a good view. If you visit Rome during the peak tourist season it is worth considering visiting outdoor sites early in the morning before most people have left their hotels. Also consider visiting the fountain after dark when you will be able to see the spectacular lighting.

    You can grab a bottle of water from one of the nearby shops and relax on the steps surrounding the fountain.


    Interesting Facts About Trevi Fountain

    1) The Trevi Fountain, as designed by Nicola Salvi and was financed by a lotto that was held in Rome.

    2) Travertine stone was used for the construction of Trevi Fountain, which is formed mostly in hot springs.

    3) In the 4th century, Rome had 1352 fountains, each one is used for supplying water to its people. Most are still observed today. They still work, but the water is recycled just for show. Most de them have a pipe which provides clean water for drinking, but drinking directly from the fountains is not safe at all.

    4) In 1734, during the construction of Trevi Fountain, a stonecutter was crushed by a huge block of travertine. There were several injuries and a few deaths occurred during its construction.

    5) It took 32 years to build the Trevi Fountain which began in 1730 and ended in 1762.

    6) Approximately 2,823,800 cubic feet of water is spilled by the Trevi Fountain each day.

    7) Every day approximately $4000 US is thrown into the Trevi Fountain in the form of coins. This collected money is used mainly for charitable causes.

    8) From Trevi Fountain, it is illegal to steal coins. One man was caught after 34 years of stealing coins per night.

    9) Throwing coins in Trevi Fountain has got some reason. One coin ensures you return trip to Rome, two coins are for those who are seeking love and the third coin symbolizes the wedding bells, which the very interesting facts about the Trevi Fountain.

    10) The Trevi Fountain is Rome’s largest and most famous fountain. It is 85 feet (25.9 meters) high and 65 feet (19.8 meters) wide.

    11) Trevi Fountain is Italy’s popular Baroque fountain. It has a highly decorative and ornate type of art and architecture.

    12) Nicola Salvi died while the construction of Trevi Fountain was going on. Pietro Bracci has completed the monumental task.

    13) Trevi Fountain history tells us that the three streets that are Via De Crocicchis, Via Poli, and Via Delle Muratte meet where Trevi Fountain is found. Some believe that a Roman goddess with three named Trivia protected the streets of Rome from her position where Trevi Fountain is situated.

    14) At Trevi Fountain’s center, there are several figures including Oceanus, two horses, a Triton, Goddess Abundance, and the Goddess of Health.

    15) The Trevi Fountain has been used in many films including La Dolce Vita, Roman Holiday, Three Coins in the Fountain, and The Lizzie McGuire Movie.

    Here we have described the interesting facts about the Trevi Fountain which help you to explore the Trevi Fountain history. Hope you have gathered some information regarding Trevi Fountain facts. To know more about this information Kindly concerned to our other articles as well. Please like our article, provide you view in the form of comment and share it.

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    Contents

    The fountain at the junction of three roads (tre vie) [3] marks the terminal point [4] of the "modern" Acqua Vergine, the revived Aqua Virgo, one of the aqueducts that supplied water to ancient Rome. In 19 BC, supposedly with the help of a virgin, Roman technicians located a source of pure water some 13 km (8.1 mi) from the city. (This scene is presented on the present fountain's façade.) However, the eventual indirect route of the aqueduct made its length some 22 km (14 mi). This Aqua Virgo led the water into the Baths of Agrippa. It served Rome for more than 400 years. [5]

    The name of the Latin fountain derives from the Latin word Trivium (intersection of three streets). Looking at the fountain we see the Ocean in the center, which has a long beard (synonymous with wisdom) and a scepter. The statue is located right in the center of De 'Crocicchi Street, Poli Street and Delle Muratte Street. [6]

    During the sixth century the aqueducts were not well maintained and the 14 functioning ones were damaged following the invasion of the Ostrogoths.

    The virgin water aqueduct carries the water to the Trevi fountain, after having collected it 10 km from the Italian capital.

    The aqueduct is still in use today, despite some interventions during which the fountain remained empty. Calcium-free water is thought to be one of the causes. [7]

    In 1629, Pope Urban VIII, finding the earlier fountain insufficiently dramatic, asked Gian Lorenzo Bernini to sketch possible renovations, but the project was abandoned when the pope died. Though Bernini's project was never constructed, there are many Bernini touches in the fountain as it exists today. An early, influential model by Pietro da Cortona, preserved in the Albertina, Vienna, also exists, as do various early 18th century sketches, most unsigned, as well as a project attributed to Nicola Michetti [8] one attributed to Ferdinando Fuga [9] and a French design by Edmé Bouchardon. [5]

    Competitions had become popular during the Baroque era to design buildings, fountains, as well as the Spanish Steps. In 1730, Pope Clement XII organized a contest in which Nicola Salvi initially lost to Alessandro Galilei – but due to the outcry in Rome over a Florentine having won, Salvi was awarded the commission anyway. [10] Work began in 1732.

    Salvi died in 1751 with his work half finished, but he had made sure a barber's unsightly sign would not spoil the ensemble, hiding it behind a sculpted vase, [11] called by Romans the asso di coppe, the "Ace of Cups", because of its resemblance to a Tarot card. [12] Four different sculptors were hired to complete the fountain's decorations: Pietro Bracci (whose statue of Oceanus sits in the central niche), Filippo della Valle, Giovanni Grossi, and Andrea Bergondi. [13] Giuseppe Pannini was hired as architect. [14]

    The Trevi Fountain was finished in 1762 by Pannini, who substituted the present allegories for planned sculptures of Agrippa and Trivia, the Roman virgin. [15] It was officially opened and inaugurated on 22 May by Pope Clement XIII. [16]

    The majority of the piece is made from Travertine stone, quarried near Tivoli, about 35 kilometres (22 miles) east of Rome. [17]

    The fountain was refurbished once in 1988 to remove discoloration caused by smog, [18] and again in 1998 the stonework was scrubbed and all cracks and other areas of deterioration were repaired by skilled artisans, and the fountain was equipped with recirculating pumps. [19]

    In January 2013, it was announced that the Italian fashion company Fendi would sponsor a 20-month, 2.2-million-euro restoration of the fountain it was to be the most thorough restoration in the fountain's history. [20]

    Restoration work began in June 2014 and was completed in November 2015. The fountain was reopened with an official ceremony on the evening of 3 November 2015. The restoration included the installation of more than 100 LED lights to improve the nighttime illumination of the fountain. [21] [22] [23]

    The backdrop for the fountain is the Palazzo Poli, given a new façade with a giant order of Corinthian pilasters that link the two main stories. [24] Taming of the waters is the theme of the gigantic scheme that tumbles forward, mixing water and rockwork, and filling the small square. Tritons guide Oceanus' shell chariot, taming hippocamps. [20]

    In the centre, a robustly-modelled triumphal arch is superimposed on the palazzo façade. The centre niche or exedra framing Oceanus has free-standing columns for maximal light and shade. In the niches flanking Oceanus, Abundance spills water from her urn and Salubrity holds a cup from which a snake drinks. Above, bas reliefs illustrate the Roman origin of the aqueducts. [25]

    The Tritons and horses provide symmetrical balance, with the maximum contrast in their mood and poses [ citation needed ] (by 1730, rococo was already in full bloom in France and Germany).

    Coins are purportedly meant to be thrown using the right hand over the left shoulder. [26] This was the theme of 1954's Three Coins in the Fountain and the Academy Award-winning song by that name which introduced the picture.

    An estimated 3,000 euros are thrown into the fountain each day. [27] In 2016, an estimated €1.4 million (US$1.5 million) was thrown into the fountain. [28] The money has been used to subsidize a supermarket for Rome's needy [27] however, there are regular attempts to steal coins from the fountain, even though it is illegal to do so. [27] [29] [30]


    Watch the video: Ιταλία: Η Φοντάνα ντι Τρέβι μετά το.. λίφτινγκ (August 2022).